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The Post-apostolic Age A D 100-

The post-apostolic age, extending from circa 100 to circa 140, is the age
of the beginnings of Gentile Christianity on an extended scale. It is
marked by the rapid spread of Christianity, so that immediately after its
close the Church is found throughout the Roman world, and the Roman
Government is forced to take notice of it and deal with it as a religion
( 6, 7); the decline of the Jewish element in the Church and extreme
hostility of Judaism to the Church ( 5); the continuance of chiliastic
expectations ( 10); the beginnings of the passion for martyrdom ( 8); as
well as the appearance of the forms of organization and worship which
subsequently became greatly elaborated and remained permanently in the
Church ( 12-15); as also the appearance of religious and moral ideas
which became dominant in the ancient Church ( 11, 12, 16). The
literature of the period upon which the study of the conditions and
thought of the Church of this age must be based is represented principally
by the so-called Apostolic Fathers, a name which is convenient, but
misleading and to be regretted. These are Clement of Rome, Barnabas,
Ignatius, Polycarp, Papias, Hermas; with the writings of these are
commonly included two anonymous books known as the Didache, or Teaching
of the Twelve Apostles, and the Epistle to Diognetus. From all of these
selections are given.(4)

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